Onion Browser – оригинальный бесплатный браузер для устройств на iOS. Он имеет открытый исходный код и основан на Tor. This article discusses how to avoid public wi-fi security risks when using your phone or computer on open networks. Keep cyber criminals at bay. Tor BrowserAndroid Загрузка и установка APK. Опыт реального частного просмотра без отслеживания, наблюдения или цензуры.
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Fine-tune your Operational Security. Many experts see OpSec as a significant vulnerability for Tor users. By this, we mean ensuring that key identifying information such as payment details, IP addresses, MAC addresses, and your OS are shielded and not transmitted at any point.
And it also means making extra sure that your passwords are fit for purpose. Get pluggable transports and bridges. Thus, it can effectively block access, unless you use one of the three pluggable transports. That comes with a price of reduced performance, though. Resist the urge to stock up on extensions. The Firefox-based Tor browser can become vulnerable due to toxic add-ons. So try to keep your browser setup as clean as possible. This service offers military-grade AES encryption, a kill switch, and no leaks.
It operates out of Panama — a privacy-friendly country, allowing NordVPN to have a strict no-logging policy. While you can achieve the highest degree of security by combining Tor and VPN, you can use both individually. The Tor vs VPN discussion has many talking points, but here are some of the main ones.
Tor protects what the user is doing while inside the Tor browser and not activities outside it. Top VPN providers are great for your online security. The success of their business depends on patching out any vulnerabilities quickly and effectively. Tools like NordVPN have advanced features good enough for hackers or political activists in countries like China. Nevertheless, while top VPNs are much more secure, they act as a hub for your data. Meanwhile, Tor disperses your data across volunteer relays.
However, in practice, no-log VPNs carry little of your data, whereas the Tor relay network also has vulnerabilities. Tor was not built with connection speed in mind. Your connection goes through a series of volunteer relays instead of the hard-metal servers of VPN providers. These relays are often much less capable of dealing with a lot of traffic than VPN servers. Furthermore, routing with Tor is random and much less efficient.
Typically, your connection goes through several relays, which is always a detriment to performance. With VPNs, you can choose which servers you connect to, resulting in more control and better speeds. To illustrate, we performed some speed tests. The server chosen by the online speed test when using Tor is in Accra, meaning our Tor connection is going through somewhere in that area a good illustration of random and inefficient routing :.
Here is the speed test using NordVPN. For fairness, we connected through a VPN server in Germany and chose the same speed test server in Accra:. As you can see, NordVPN is superior to Tor according to every metric: ping, download speed, and upload speed. Support for devices varies from one VPN to another. They also offer add-ons for Chrome and Firefox , which is irrelevant for this comparison. VPNs come in free versions and paid versions, but the free ones have all sorts of issues.
There are limits to the safety of the Tor Browser. While it is certainly great as a free tool, the technical characteristics of Tor mean it can never be completely secure. However, it is also safer to use a VPN instead of Tor assuming you choose a secure provider. The short answer is yes, it is. If you start visiting the dark web, the risk increases automatically. You can still get your device infected, so getting an antivirus before this happens is a rule of thumb.
Moreover, a VPN is also a good idea for added protection. After all, it would be best if you stay safe outside of Tor too. First off, these are two different tools with different purposes. But the best solution is to use Tor and VPN together. Yes, the Tor browser is free. The whole Tor service is free as well, and servers are run by volunteers.
It acts quite similarly to the original. Furthermore, there are only about 7, of them, which is clearly not enough for the increasing userbase. Yes, there are. Two of the most well-known are the Invisible Internet Project and Freenet. Ethan is a security researcher and digital privacy advocate. He spends his time unraveling various anonymity and security tools, plus contributing to open-source projects.
Otherwise, he keeps a low profile by hiking or cycling around the countryside. Your email address will not be published. Post Comment. It most definitely does. Hello, Radalio. I doubt that just because a project is open-source that it get peer-reviewed by a significantly larger number of experts. Meanwhile, VPN companies hire and pay experts for their full attention and dedication to the project.
Plus, most VPNs are built specifically that no data would be stored and they could not see anything even if they tried. Hi, NslashA. Meanwhile, Windows and Mac are widely used operating systems by various users with different levels of knowledge. That means that targeting them gives hackers more chances of success.
Greetings, anonymous. For example, the number of connections needs to be tracked to ensure that an account can only have as many simultaneous connections as is permitted. I have used it once but I do not feel comfortable. Probably because I am used to the normal traditional browsers. I have got this concern about Tor. I got it all wrong. Tor will actually allow you to surf the internet privately and secured. While others say Tor should just be used on its own? Hi Mark, Using Tor on its own is fine in most cases, however, as a freeware project it does have some vulnerabilities.
Using Tor with VPN fixes these vulnerabilities. Never trust VPN companies as they can always lie about their data policy because their softwares on both client and server side are closed source. It also does not encrypt data which is being transmitted from the VPN server to the destination website.
If you want your data to be end-to-end encrypted, you can just use HTTPS which is available on most common website. In time, Egerstad gained access to high-value email accounts. He would later post sets of sensitive email logins and passwords on the internet for criminals, spies or just curious teenagers to use to snoop on inter-governmental, NGO and high-value corporate email.
The answer came more than a week later and was somewhat anti-climactic. The year-old Swedish security consultant had merely installed free, open-source software — called Tor — on five computers in data centres around the globe and monitored it. Ironically, Tor is designed to prevent intelligence agencies, corporations and computer hackers from determining the virtual — and physical — location of the people who use it.
Commenting on this case, security consultant Sam Stover emphasized the risks of someone snooping traffic through Tor nodes:. Domestic, or international. When using Tor you have no idea if some guy in China is watching all your traffic, or some guy in Germany, or a guy in Illinois. In fact, that is exactly how Wikileaks got started. The founders simply setup Tor nodes to siphon off more than a million private documents.
According to Wired :. Egerstad also suggests Tor nodes may be controlled by powerful agencies governments with vast resources:. From the Tor Project blog :. Over the last few days, we received and read reports saying that several Tor relays were seized by government officials. We do not know why the systems were seized, nor do we know anything about the methods of investigation which were used.
Specifically, there are reports that three systems of Torservers. Commenting on this case, ARS Technica noted in On July 4, the Tor Project identified a group of Tor relays that were actively trying to break the anonymity of users by making changes to the Tor protocol headers associated with their traffic over the network. The rogue relays were set up on January 30, —just two weeks after Blake Benthall allegedly announced he had taken control of Silk Road 2.
This issue continues to gain attention. In this Gizmodo article from , we find the same problems. Bad actors can and do operate Tor nodes. Additional reading: A mysterious threat actor is running hundreds of malicious Tor relays. The fundamental issue here is there is no real quality control mechanism for vetting Tor relay operators.
Not only is there no authentication mechanism for setting up relays, but the operators themselves can also remain anonymous. Assuming that some Tor nodes are data collection tools , it would also be safe to assume that many different governments are involved in data collection, such as the Chinese, Russian, and US governments. See also: Tor network exit nodes found to be sniffing passing traffic. Over the last decade privacy infrastructures such as Tor proved to be very successful and widely used.
However, Tor remains a practical system with a variety of limitations and open to abuse. Particularly the privacy of the hidden services is dependent on the honest operation of Hidden Services Directories HSDirs. In this work we introduce, the concept of honey onions HOnions , a framework to detect and identify misbehaving and snooping HSDirs. After the deployment of our system and based on our experimental results during the period of 72 days, we detect and identify at least such snooping relays.
Furthermore, we reveal that more than half of them were hosted on cloud infrastructure and delayed the use of the learned information to prevent easy traceback. Just a few months after the HSDir issue broke, a different researcher identified a malicious Tor node injecting malware into file downloads. According to ITProPortal :.
Authorities are advising all users of the Tor network to check their computers for malware after it emerged that a Russian hacker has been using the network to spread a powerful virus. The malware is spread by a compromised node in the Tor network.
Due to the altered node, any Windows executable downloaded over the network was wrapped in malware , and worryingly even files downloaded over Windows Update were affected. Another interesting case highlighting the flaws of Tor comes form when the FBI was able to infiltrate Tor to bust another pedophile group.
According to Tech Times :. The U. Senior U. The ruling by the district judge relates to FBI sting called Operation Pacifier, which targeted a child pornography site called PlayPen on the Dark web. The accused used Tor to access these websites.
The federal agency, with the help of hacking tools on computers in Greece, Denmark, Chile and the U. This essentially opens the door to any US government agency being able to spy on Tor users without obtaining a warrant or going through any legal channels. This, of course, is a serious concern when you consider that journalists, activists, and whistleblowers are encouraged to use Tor to hide from government agencies and mass surveillance. The quote below, from the co-founder of Tor, speaks volumes.
I forgot to mention earlier, probably something that will make you look at me in a new light. I contract for the United States Government to build anonymity technology for them and deploy it. They think of it as security technology. This quote alone should convince any rational person to never use the Tor network, unless of course you want to be rubbing shoulders with government spooks on the Dark Web.
This three-person team, working for the US government, developed Tor into what it is today. The quote above was taken from a speech by Roger Dingledine, which you can also listen to here. After Tor was developed and released for public use, it was eventually spun off as its own non-profit organization, with guidance coming from the Electronic Frontier Foundation EFF :.
At the very end of , with Tor technology finally ready for deployment, the US Navy cut most of its Tor funding, released it under an open source license and, oddly, the project was handed over to the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Some journalists have closely examined the financial relationship between Tor and the US government:.
But I crunched the numbers and found that the exact opposite was true: In any given year, Tor drew between 90 to percent of its budget via contracts and grants coming from three military-intel branches of the federal government: the Pentagon, the State Department and an old school CIA spinoff organization called the BBG.
It was a military contractor. It even had its own official military contractor reference number from the government. We are now actively looking for new contracts and funding. Sponsors of Tor get personal attention, better support, publicity if they want it , and get to influence the direction of our research and development! There you have it. Tor claims donors influence the direction of research and development — a fact that the Tor team even admits.
Do you really think the US government would invest millions of dollars into a tool that stifled its power? So you need to have other people using the network so they blend together. When you use Tor, you are literally helping the US government.
Your traffic helps to conceal CIA agents who are also using Tor, as Dingledine and journalists are pointing out. Tor is fundamentally a tool for the US government , and it remains so today:. You will never hear Tor promoters discuss how important it is for the US government to get others on the the Tor network. This remains a taboo topic that Tor advocates simply avoid. A branch of the U. Navy uses Tor for open source intelligence gathering, and one of its teams used Tor while deployed in the Middle East recently.
Law enforcement uses Tor for visiting or surveilling web sites without leaving government IP addresses in their web logs, and for security during sting operations. Michael Reed, another early developer of Tor, explained how it has always been a tool for US government military and intelligence operations :. Not helping dissidents in repressive countries. Not assisting criminals in covering their electronic tracks. Not giving a 10 year old a way to bypass an anti-porn filter. Of course, we knew those would be other unavoidable uses for the technology, but that was immaterial to the problem at hand we were trying to solve and if those uses were going to give us more cover traffic to better hide what we wanted to use the network for, all the better …I once told a flag officer that much to his chagrin.
Just as Roger Dingledine asserted in the opening quote to this section, Paul Syverson Tor co-founder also emphasized the importance of getting other people to use Tor, thereby helping government agents perform their work and not stand out as the only Tor users :. You need to have a network that carries traffic for other people as well. Tor is branded by many different individuals and groups as a grassroots project to protect people from government surveillance.
Tor was created not to protect the public from government surveillance, but rather, to cloak the online identity of intelligence agents as they snooped on areas of interest. But in order to do that, Tor had to be released to the public and used by as diverse a group of people as possible: activists, dissidents, journalists, paranoiacs, kiddie porn scum, criminals and even would-be terrorists — the bigger and weirder the crowd, the easier it would be for agents to mix in and hide in plain sight.
According to these Tor developers and co-founders, when you use Tor you are helping US government agents in doing whatever they do on the Tor network. Why would anyone who advocates for privacy and human rights want to do that?
Another recurring problem with Tor is IP address leaks — a serious issue that will de-anonymize Tor users, even if the leak is brief. This issue illustrates a larger problem with Tor: it only encrypts traffic through the Tor browser , thereby leaving all other non-Tor browser traffic exposed.
Unlike a VPN that encrypts all traffic on your operating system, the Tor network only works through a browser configured for Tor. This design leaves Tor users vulnerable to leaks which will expose their identity in many different situations:. Therefore blame does not lie with Tor itself, but rather with people not using Tor correctly. Dan Eggerstad emphasized this issue as well when he stated :.
Once again, non-technical users would be better off using a good VPN service that provides system-wide traffic encryption and an effective kill switch to block all traffic if the VPN connection drops. As we saw above with the bomb threat hoax, Eldo Kim was targeted because he was on the Tor network when the bomb threat was sent.
Other security experts also warn about Tor users being targeted merely for using Tor. In addition, most really repressive places actually look for Tor and target those people. There is no cover. This is assuming it is being used to evade even in a country incapable of breaking Tor anonymity.
Given that Tor is compromised and bad actors can see the real IP address of Tor users, it would be wise to take extra precautions. This includes hiding your real IP address before accessing the Tor network. With this setup, even if a malicious actor was running a Tor server and logging all connecting IP addresses, your real IP address would remain hidden behind the VPN server assuming you are using a good VPN with no leaks.
You can sign up for a VPN with a secure anonymous email account not connected to your identity. For the truly paranoid, you can also pay with Bitcoin or any other anonymous payment method. Most VPNs do not require any name for registration, only a valid email address for account credentials. Using a VPN in a safe offshore jurisdiction outside the 14 Eyes may also be good, depending on your threat model.
This is discussed more in my guide on multi-hop VPN services. When you chain VPNs , you can distribute trust across different VPN services and different jurisdictions around the world, all paid for anonymously and not linked to your identity. With Tor alone, you put all your trust in The Onion Router…. There are other attacks that the Tor Project admits will de-anonymize Tor users archived :. As mentioned above, it is possible for an observer who can view both you and either the destination website or your Tor exit node to correlate timings of your traffic as it enters the Tor network and also as it exits.
Tor does not defend against such a threat model. Once again, a VPN can help to mitigate the risk of de-anonymization by hiding your source IP address before accessing the guard node in the Tor circuit. Can exit nodes eavesdrop on communications? From the Tor Project:. Yes, the guy running the exit node can read the bytes that come in and out there. Tor anonymizes the origin of your traffic, and it makes sure to encrypt everything inside the Tor network, but it does not magically encrypt all traffic throughout the Internet.
However, a VPN can not do anything about a bad Tor exit node eavesdropping on your traffic, although it will help hide who you are but your traffic can also give you away. I discuss these points more in my VPN vs Tor comparison. All privacy tools come with pros and cons. Selecting the best tool for the job all boils down to your threat model and unique needs.
This is pathetic. A VPN will offer system-wide encryption, much faster speeds, and user-friendly clients for various devices and operating systems. Additionally, VPNs are more mainstream and there are many legitimate and legal! For those who still want to access the Tor network, doing so through a reliable VPN service will add an extra layer of protection while hiding your real IP address. Tor network exit nodes found to be sniffing passing traffic. Sven Taylor is the founder of RestorePrivacy.
With a passion for digital privacy and online freedom, he created this website to provide you with honest, useful, and up-to-date information about online privacy, security, and related topics. His focus is on privacy research, writing guides, testing privacy tools, and website admin.
Thank you for writing this, Sven! Eye opening for me. I am confused. I log into some sort of. If the exit node is malicious, can it download a virus if I try to download a file on that site? If so, why would anyone use tor for anything that involves logging into any website or involves confidential information, like financial documents or making cryptocurrency transactions? Sure, I would be anonymous, but would it not be highly insecure, even on a.
Or am I missing something about how it works? Does the. If they can steal your data like that and log into any website you visit over tor, or if they can put a virus into any file you download, or if they can see private information, would it not be safer to use a vpn that you trust and has no logs, instead of a vpn over tor?
They will however see where the packets come from and where they go. At least on any website that is halfway decent secure. It is hashed in your browser and this hash is transported to the website and it compares it with what is stored in its database. Very simple but effective. If your website you download from uses TLS https they cannot manipulate your download because it is encrypted. Furthermore, if you use a secure operating system like Linux, you would be far less at risk of getting malicious downloads.
Feds love it when you use their honeypot Tor project. If that is the case, then if TOR becomes widespread, it will effectively allow the US to monopolize the internet. Release TOR to the public for criminal use and for hiding dissidents in third world countries 2. Completely remove all allowed VPNs 4. Heavily advertise TOR 5.
Outlaw usage of any other networks i. Repeat step in other countries. Think about your beliefs.
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